PENGGUNAAN BUKU BERGAMBAR TENTANG CARA BETERNAK DOMBA UNTUK MENGEMBANGKAN KAPASITAS PETANI MISKIN DI DUA DESA TEPI HUTAN DI KECAMATAN UJUNG JAYA, KABUPATEN SUMEDANG, JAWA BARAT
THE USE OF ILLUSTRATED SHEEP REARING HANDBOOK ON POOR FARMERS’ CAPACITY BUILDING IN TWO NEAR FOREST VILLAGES IN UJUNG JAYA SUB-DISTRICT, DISTRICT OF SUMEDANG, WEST JAVA
Building the capacity of the poor farmers that were living in two near-forest villages in Ujung Jaya sub-district, District of Sumedang, West Java was one of the activities accomplished to help such farmers raise indigenous Garut sheep. These activities included on site farmer training, monthly farmer meeting, supervision and other backstopping supports. These support services were provided before and after the sheep provision to the cooperating farmers. In this training, copies of an illustrated sheep raising manual covering several aspects of sheep rearing from feeding to marketing were tested with the participating farmers and were later given to them as reading materials. In this conjunction, two farmer groups from Palasari and Sukamulya villages were involved in the training sessions. At the opening session, the two farmer groups were tested to determine their prior knowledge about sheep rearing. After the pretetst, all participating farmers were individually given a copy of the sheep raising manual and was asked to read the manual for about 25 minutes. Next, they were asked to close the books and were given posttests. The results pointed out that the participating farmers improved their knowledge about sheep raising, though statistically not significant. Other tests accomplished on the data obtained, showed that the participating farmers’ education correlated positively with their knowledge gains regarding sheep raising; whereas their ages and number of years since graduation correlated negatively with their knowledge gains about sheep raising.
Key words: Ilustrated manual, sheep raising, capacity building, poor farmers,
Garut sheep, near forest village.
PENGARUH BAHASA BOOKLET PADA PENINGKATAN PENGETAHUAN PETERNAK SAPI PERAH TENTANG INSEMINASI BUATAN DI KELURAHAN NONGKOSAWIT, KECAMATAN GUNUNGPATI,KOTA SEMARANG
THE EFFECT OF BOOKLET LANGUAGE ON THE DAIRY FARMERS’ KNOWLEDGE GAIN ABOUT ARTIFICIAL
INSEMINATION AT NONGKOSAWIT VILLAGE, GUNUNGPATI DISTRICT, CITY OF SEMARANG
Sriroso Satmoko dan Harini Tri Astuti
A research concerning the effect of booklet’s language on the dairy farmers knowledge gain regarding artificial insemination had been accomplished in Nongkosawit Village, Gunung Pati District, City of Semarang on April 3 to June 3, 2004. The objective of the research was to determine whether such an extension booklet language created an effect on the dairy farmers’ knowledge regarding artificial insemination. Fourty dairy farmers were selected purposively for this research. They were divided into two groups, with 20 members each. The first group was exposed to the first version of the booklet written Javanese, and the second group was exposed to the second version of the booklet written in bahasa Indonesia. One-way analysis of variance was used to analyze the data collected. The results pointed out that the effect of the booklets’ languages on the dairy farmers’ knowledge gains about artificial insemination was not significant at alpha equal to 0.05.
Key words: Booklet, Javanese, Bahasa Indonesia.
PERILAKU NELAYAN DALAM PENGELOLAAN WISATA BAHARI DI KAWASAN PANTAI LOVINA, BULELENG, BALI
FISHERMEN BEHAVIOR IN MANAGING COASTAL TOURISM IN LOVINA BEACH AT BULELENG, BALI
Siti Amanah dan Hamidah Nayati Utami
Fishermen living around the Lovina Beach Tourism Area had other productive activities besides catching fishes. The fishermen living in coastal villages of Lovina offered services such as guides for tourists who were interested in diving, snorkeling, and watching dolphin’s attraction in their habitat. The objectives of the research were to portray the fishermen’s behavior in managing the tourism services and to determine the variables correlated to the fishermen behavior and the tourist satisfaction. The research result showed that the fishermen’s competencies in managing the tourism related activities need improvement, especially in the management of coastal resources and services. Furthermore, all of the fishermen’ variables, whether personal characteristics or external factors, were positively and significantly correlated with their coastal tourism management behavior and the tourists satisfaction. It was recommended that along with the purposes of promoting tourism and the fishermen quality of life, learning programs that were developed based upon the fishermen’s problems and needs were required. The programs could include hospitality training, eco-tourism, and tourism management. Additionally, coordination amongst the fishermen groups, local government, non government organization, and private sector involved in these activities was needed to improve the performance of the tourism service.
Key words: behavior, fishermen, eco-tourism.
PEMBINAAN WANITA PENGOLAH IKAN ASIN DI PESISIR MUARA ANGKE JAKARTA UTARA
EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN THAT PROCESSED SALTY FISH AT MUARA ANGKE, NORTH OF JAKARTA
Nayu Nurmalia dan Richard W.E. Lumintang
Women who were involved in processing salty fish at Muara Angke, north of Jakarta, had significant contribution to their salty fish business. So far, they had never been involved in any empowerment program offered either by government institution or by non government organization. Men were mostly involved in such empowerment activities. In this conjunction, the objectives of this study were: (1) to determine the skills of the women involved in salty fish processing, (2) to identify both the internal and external factors related to the women’s skills in processing salty fish, and (3) to determine the relationship intensity of the women’ skills in salty fish processing and their productivity in processing such fish. The findings of the study were: the women productivity in salty fish processing was significantly related to their skills in getting qualified fresh fish, in processing and drying salty fish, in book keeping and accounting, and in getting information on marketing system.
Key words: Salty fish, Empowerment, Market system.
KINERJA PENYULUH PERTANIAN DI BEBERAPA KABUPATEN PROVINSI JAWA BARAT
AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION AGENTS’ PERFORMANCE IN SEVERAL DISTRICTS IN WEST JAVA
Ani Leilani dan Amri Jahi
A research on the relationship of several selected characteristics of Agricultural Extension Agents and their performance had been conducted in July through September 2005. The Objectives of this study were: 1) to determine the distribution of Agricultural Extension Agents on several selected characteristics, 2) to identify the performance of Agricultural Extension Agents based on their official main duty, and 3) to determine the extent of relationships between the agricultural extension agents’ characteristics and their performance. One hundred Agricultural Extension Agent respondents were selected randomly to meet the objectives. The respondents were from Bogor, Sukabumi, Bekasi, Majalengka, and Subang districts. A closed end questionnaire was developed to gather needed data. The collected data were then analyzed descriptively. Kendall W Concordance procedure was used to determine the extents of relationship among agents’ characteristics and their perceived performance. The research results showed that: (1) some of the agents’ characteristics were correlated significantly with their performance, (2) the agents’ performance in accomplishing their official duties was mostly good, (3) the official duties that they considered as important was Extension Program Development, (4) while the ones that they considered as less important was professional development, evaluation, reporting their monthly duty, and preparing extension materials.
Key word: Performance, Agricultural Extension Agent, Main duty.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PARTISIPASI KONTAKTANI DALAM PERENCANAAN
PROGRAM PENYULUHAN PERTANIAN
(Kasus WKUPP Nyalindung, Kabupaten Sukabumi)
FACTORS RELATED TO CONTACT FARMER PARTICIPATION IN AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION PROGRAM PLANNING
(Case of Rural Extension Center at Nyalindung, Sukabumi)
Herawati dan Ismail Pulungan
The main objective of this research was to determine the extent of contact-farmer participation in agricultural extension program planning i.e., in collecting data, in compiling the data collected, in attending meeting, in discussing and in giving suggestions, and in authenticating the program and activities that followed. To meet this objective, 30 contact-farmers registered in the Contact-Farmer Association (Gapoktan) in Rural Extension Unit at Nyalindung Subdistrict, District of Sukabumi were interviewed. The research results showed that both the contact-farmers’ internal and external factors were highly correlated with their participation in planning Agricultural Extension program and activities.
Key words: Participation, Contact-farmer, Extension Program
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PROSES BELAJAR DAN TINGKAT KECAKAPAN HIDUP REMAJA
(Kasus Pengrajin Sandal Desa Cikaret Kecamatan Bogor Selatan)
FACTORS RELATED TO THE ADOLESCENCE’S LIFE SKILLS
(Case of Sandal Producers at Cikaret Village, South Bogor Sub-District)
Miskat Ramdhani dan Sumardjo
The objectives of this research were: (1) to study the relationship between learning process, adolescence characteristics, family roles, and environment, (2) to study the relationship between the youths’ life skill level and their learning process. The research took place at Cikaret Village, South Bogor Sub-District. Sixty 60 respondents were involved. Data was gathered on September-November 2005, by interview and observation. Quantitative data were analyzed by Spearman-Rank correlation procedure. In this research, the youth’s life skills were correlated to their characteristic, to their family role, to their environment and learning process. Some important results of this research are: ( 1) the life skills were correlated with the learning process within the conditions of learning and the experimental learning, ( 2) the learning process of the adolescence were related to the family role, the environment role and the adolescence’s characteristics, and ( 3) improvement of the quality of the adolescence’s life skills were needed together with effort to increase their quality of life, including their family, environment and learning process.
Key words: Life skills, Adolescence, Characteristic, Family role, Environment
role, Learning process.